At the international symposium Ideologies, values and political behaviours in Central and Eastern Europe organized by the Political Science Department of the West University of Timișoara in March 2016, the core member of this project, Viorel Proteasa, presented an analytical framework for the study of student collective action in the form of student organizations. This framework is based on the work of Philip Altbach and Klemencic but it also includes theoretical notions stemed from rational choice neo-institutionalism that add an analytical dimension to Philip Altbach’s work on student organizations and pose rather different research questions than Manja Klemencic’s. Moreover, the analytical framework brought forward by the author addresses the nature, objects and mechanisms of collective action, with a focus on agency, rather than structure. Attempting to fill a gap in the research on student organizations, the authors adopt not just an unfrequented rational choice neo-institutional perspective, but also a different analysis unit that is the university student organisation, rather than national one. Also, a multi-level model of analysis that integrates individualist, collectivist and constitutive levels is proposed. Data is to be collected through the analysis of statutes and press articles, but also through the interviewing of former and present leaders of student organizations.